Eye Condition Treatment

Happy Parents with Child, do they need eye condition treatment?

Eye conditions can range from mild to severe; some are chronic, while others may resolve on their own, never to appear again. Listed below are some common terms explained that will give you a basic understanding of some of these problems and their implications. The cardinal rule is if your eyes don’t look good, feel good or see well, you should visit your doctor.

The following is a short list of common eye conditions we treat, such as astigmatism, dry eye syndrome and presbyopia. For information about treatment of cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy please see Eye Disease Management.

Please book an appointment with our eye doctor if you have any concerns.

  • Astigmatism is a very common eye condition that's easily corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses and on some occasions, surgery. Having astigmatism means that the eye is not a perfect curve and thus does not bend light perfectly onto the retina, causing blurry vision.
  • Dry eye syndrome (DES) is a chronic condition that develops when your eyes do not produce and maintain enough tears to keep the eye’s surface lubricated. With age, the eye may produce less oil to maintain the moisture of the eyes. Other conditions, such as air conditioning, humidity, smoking, and medications may also increase eye dryness. Some symptoms of this syndrome include itchy, burning, and irritation of the eyes.
  • As we reach middle age, particularly after age 40, it is common to start to experience difficulty with reading and performing other tasks that require near vision. This is because with age, the lens of our eye becomes increasingly inflexible, making it harder to focus on close objects. This condition is called presbyopia and eventually it happens to some extent, to everyone as they age.
  • This condition is primarily known for the red appearance of the eye, which can be accompanied with pain, discomfort, and discharge. There are several causes of conjunctivitis, including bacterial, viral and allergic. Treatment for this condition depends on it's cause and can be determined by your eye doctor.
  • This condition is characterized by opacification of the crystalline lens behind a pupil which can cause a variety of symptoms such as blurry vision and glare/halos around lights. Most of the time cataracts are part of natural aging process, however in some cases they can be caused by medications, injury, radiation or certain medical conditions. Treatment for cataracts includes removal of causative medication, cataract surgery, or in mild cases anti-glare coating on the glasses for visual comfort.
  • This condition is characterized by atrophy of optic nerve tissue, and loss of part all all of the field of vision. Roughly half of glaucoma patients have increased intra-ocular pressure. Some of the other major risk factors for glaucoma include hypertension, sleep apnea, diabetes, high degree of nearsightedness etc. It's essential to catch glaucoma early since vision loss is irreversible, and in early stages, glaucoma has no visual symptoms. Our office has some of the latest tools to screen for early glaucoma. This includes an Optical Coherence Tomography machine, which images the retina and optic nerve, similar to an MRI machine.
  • Certain patients with diabetes develop something called diabetic retinopathy which can cause permanent vision loss if blood sugar is not well controlled for a long period of time. Poor blood sugar control causes weakening of blood vessels, which leads leakage and poor oxygen flow to the tissues of the retina. Every time a patient has an eye exam at our office they are screened for this condition. People who already have diabetes are examined more thoroughly, with retinal imaging and a dilated fundus exam.